Red lady, new Idol Papaya
Papaya becomes a very popular fruit in Indonesia. This Fruit is generally elongated round shape easily found on the market. In the last five years appear red lady papaya varieties that could be an option in agribusiness.
Although not as famous as bangkok and California Papaya, Red Lady has their own fans because it has many advantages. Not surprisingly, Papaya cultivation became a lucrative business opportunity.
It's also the reason for Yossie Setyawan, owner of UD Setyawan in Blora, Central Java, Red Lady Papaya cultivation last year. Yossie tempted to explore this plant because it saw the market opportunity is very open, especially in the area of Yogyakarta. Previously, papaya cultivation is mostly in East Java.
He worked with farmers in their region to develop this variety. According to this 36 years old man, basically Red Lady papaya did not vary much with papaya in general, particularly with papaya Bangkok that are excellent in the market. "The difference is the Red Lady Papaya skin surface tend to be more subtle than the other Papaya (Bangkok, for instance)," he said.
In addition, papaya red lady has the advantage of the cultivation time is relatively short. Papaya cultivation time is six months from seed to harvest. "While other papaya could reach nine months," he explained. So, this lady red harvest faster.
Form of Red Lady Papaya, female, is indeed unique. According to the man who originally cultivated this melon, round and not elongated.
This different form is caused by the female variety. The other species round long shaped are considered as male of hermaphrodite.
Within a month Yossie claimed to produce about five tons of papaya or about 2,500 units. He distributes its products to every corner of Yogyakarta and Central Java. The selling price of each papaya fruit about 2.5 kilograms (kg) is around Rp 3,500 per kg or Rp 10,000 per piece. Of the total sales, he could drink in turnover to Rp 25 million a month.
Yossie says, lately in Central Java has begun to glow red lady papaya cultivators. He said when the harvest and the stock soared on the market price could fall to Rp 1,000 per kg. "But this situation rarely happens," he explained.
Gatot Arifin, Agrorich Marketing Manager International, one of the companies that distribute seeds red lady papaya at the Surabaya disclose this lady has introduced a red five years ago. New echo felt two years later.
According to Gatot, This Taiwanese Pepaya has high economic values. One of the factor is its resistance to virus. Virus will attack leaves, fruits, stem and lower the fruit production.
The other reason is that a tree of Red Lady papaya can produce until 30 fruits with 3 kg sweet meat. Red lady contain blood level 14% higher than average Papaya fruit.
By admitting the seeds selling only activities, Gatot promoted the advantages of the fruit. Agrorich company sells seedlings Rp 40.000 each pack containing 50 ready to plant seeds. This company is able to sell thousand packs with the omzet until Rp 15 juta a month.
Sumber: Kontan, Monday, December 20, 2010.
Select the Seeded
Pepaya Red Lady cultivation is not so different with other variety, Bangkok or California. Besides climate, weather, location and plant treatment, this plant also needs seedling selection process to obtain Fruit with food quality.
Red Lady Papaya grows at the altitude 700 - 1.000 meter above sea level. The fruit need the temperature circumstances between 22 and 30 Celcius degree with 40% humidity level. Plantation area with good drianage system also determine the quality development of the fruit.
Yossy Setyawan, said that the windblow level need to be noticed because the pollination process need the fair wind blows circumstances. "Optimal development is achieved if there is no other fruit in the range of 100 meter. That will prevent cross pollination," he said.
Acid level or pH, also affect the cultivation. Suitable level of pH is at 6-7. Excessive rainfalls will cause non optimal harvest result.
With that characteristic, until today, Yossy still do research to find a good and suitable formulation for the plantation area in Blora. The soil characteristic is different. "Formulation is on the progress to result optimal production," he said again.
Although there was no special treatment in the care of red lady papaya, Yossy fixed maintenance cost of Rp 75,000 per tree to ensure growth remains stable.
Gatot Arifin as Agrorich International Marketing Manager, distributor of papaya seeds in Surabaya, he said, the cultivation of this crop will be maximized if procedures and plant it correctly followed.
For that, it is suggested that farmers began to plant seeds at the end of the rainy season. The goal is that when the dry season comes and the plants can grow maximally because exposed to direct sun. Thus, the "Tree of rapid fruiting, high production levels, and resistance to disease," said Billy.
The characteristics of red lady papaya is ripe relatively, the skin turns orange with reddish orange flesh color. Perfectly ripe fruit sweetness levels reached ± 13%. Fruit shape varies from oval, round, and elongated.
By following the correct procedure for planting, Yossy also reminded farmers, choosing quality seeds. "We all see, today many seeds are offered on the market but the the quality is okay".
Well, Yossy suggest, more selective, looking for seed farmers who actually qualified. "The yield will be different if using a sub-standard seeds, although the process of cultivating the right," he said.
In line with Yossy, Billy asked the red lady papaya farmers are not tempted to buy a cheap seed. Make sure that the seed is below the standard aliases not qualified. Price of Red Lady Papaya seeds in good quality are sold by price of Rp 40,000 until Rp 50,000 per pack. Each pack contains 50 Papaya seeds which are ready for planting.
Sumber: Kontan, Tuesday, December 21, 2010.